Mineral Exploration

In its quest to generate adequate and appropriate mineral data, the Economic Geology Department has been mandated to perform the following functions:

  • Exploration for all mineral resources except hydrocarbon (oil and gas)
  • Evaluation of Mineral resources
  • Mineral Promotion activities
  • Generation of credible data on exportable mineral resources such as gold, silver, lead and zinc, copper and other commodities to attract foreign direct investment to Nigeria.
  • Provision of credible and bankable geosciences information on industrial minerals required by the cement, fertilizer and upstream petroleum industries to promote Nigerian content policy of the Government.
  • Geochemical mapping of the entire landmass of Nigeria.

In recent times the Department projects has been devoted to exploration/assessment of some mineral commodities which can be broadly classified into four broad categories of mineral resources. These are:-

  1. Minerals that are for domestic industry consumption such as Barytes, Gypsum, Kaolin,  Limestone and Marcasite
  2. Minerals that are for both domestic industry consumption and the export market e.g. Manganese, lead, zinc, copper
  3. Minerals that are for promoting export of mineral commodities such as gold, cobalt, silver etc.
  4. The department carried out and completed geochemical mapping of 8 cells out of 44 cells covering the entire Nigerian landmass. Some follow up exploration activities have also been carried out to complement geochemical findings in some of the areas mapped


  • Assessment of Pegmatite resources of the following States:Osun, Zamfara, Niger, Nasarawa and Cross River
  • Exploration for Barytes in the following States: Taraba, Benue, Nasarawa, Cross River, Zamfara, Gombe, Plateau and Adamawa
  • Evaluation of Bentonite resources in the following States: Edo, Abia, Jigawa, Nasarawa/Plateau, Borno and Ogun
  • Exploration for High-grade Kaolin in Imo State
  • Exploration for industrial grade Limestone in Ogun State
  • Exploration for dolomitic Limestone in Ondo State
  • Exploration for Gold in the following States: Oyo, Kwara, Kogi, Niger, Ondo, Kebbi and Cross River
  • Exploration for Marcasite in Imo State.
  • Assessment of Manganese in the following States: Kebbi and Cross River
  • Exploration for Cobalt in the following States: Bauchi / Plateau and Cross River
  • Exploration for Silver in Nasarawa State.
  • Exploration for Nickel in the following States: Osun and Nasarawa

  • Exploration for Copper in Zamfara  State
  • Exploration for Lithium minerals in Ekiti State.
  • Evaluation of marble resources of Kwara State


Reports of some of these projects have been compiled and published as mineral commodity dossiers, records and occasional papers of NGSA

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